By Michael Vinay Bhatia, Mark Sedra
This is often the 1st publication to supply a finished evaluate of small hands and security-related concerns in post-9/11 Afghanistan. It contains case reviews which show the findings of in-depth box learn on hitherto missed areas of the rustic, and offers a particular stability of thematic research, conceptual versions and empirical examine. Exploring quite a few elements of armed violence and measures to take on it, the quantity offers major perception into broader matters equivalent to the efficacy of overseas information, the ‘shadow’ economic system, warlordism, and the Taliban-led insurgency. with a purpose to deconstruct and demystify Afghanistan’s alleged ‘gun culture’, it additionally explores a few of the triumphing stumbling blocks and possibilities dealing with the rustic in its transition interval. In so doing, the publication deals invaluable classes to the state-builders of Afghanistan in addition to these of different international locations and areas suffering to emerge from sessions of transition. This publication can be of a lot curiosity to all scholars of Afghanistan, small hands, insurgency, Asian reports, and clash reviews generally.
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Extra info for Afghanistan, Arms and Conflict: Armed Groups, Disarmament and Security in a Post-war Society (Contemporary Security Studies)
Currently, the ANBP’s ‘warlord’ database for the DIAG process includes 1,800 commanders and militias for as many as 120,000 combatants, dividing these between ‘benign’ self-defence militias and approximately 100 ‘dangerous groups’ (Barron, 2005; GoA, 2006). ’ A total of 25 of these dangerous groups belong to all three categories (Barron, 2005). An early DIAG concept paper revealed substantial conflicts over definitions (armed groups versus militias), involving a desire to legitimize two extra-government forces (the Coalition Afghan Security Force and community/tribal militias/arbakian) for the short term (ANBP, 2006a).
While the fighting may have ended – whether as a consequence of a negotiated agreement, external intervention, war fatigue, peace-building or a changing international system – for the local population, the situation remains characterized by a high degree of insecurity. As will be demonstrated throughout this book, it is an appropriate description for Afghan politics over the past three decades. This chapter reveals how, after three decades of armed conflict and arms transfers, security remains the primary concern of Afghans and disarmament is overwhelmingly supported by the majority of the Afghan citizenry.
Warfare induced a ‘complete collapse of local and national forms of governance,’ which led to the unrestricted use of water wells and deforestation, in turn producing erosion, undermining livelihoods, inducing rural–urban migration and aggravating conflict between villages and nomads. Particularly in the eastern provinces (Kunar, Paktya, Nuristan, Nangarhar), communities have lost their ability to manage and preserve their forests communally, to the benefit of an alliance between commanders, ‘timber barons’ and regional traders (UNEP, 2003, pp.
Afghanistan, Arms and Conflict: Armed Groups, Disarmament and Security in a Post-war Society (Contemporary Security Studies) by Michael Vinay Bhatia, Mark Sedra