By Sanford F. Schram
By means of focusing squarely at the cultural dimensions of social welfare coverage, Sanford Schram brilliantly illuminates contemporary turns in coverage and politics. Nor does he moderate the fabric for the symbolic. quite he exhibits the shut connections among the cultural and fabric points of coverage. so much welcome of all, Schram's paintings is imbued with a unprecedented empathetic problem for the folks who're either the beneficiaries and sufferers of social welfare. --Frances Fox Piven, Graduate heart of town college of recent York
''If you will have a flesh-and-blood tale of the genuine agendas that lie in the back of policy-making within the age of difficult love, After Welfare is the simplest ebook at the subject. Schram's incisive reveal makes for excellent universal sense.'' --Andrew Ross, ny college
''This engagingly written e-book lays naked the ''dirty little secrets'' of a brand new order of social coverage, person who shorelines up inequality by means of tapping into cultural reserves of race and gender prejudice whereas publicly providing a impartial face. Its strength derives from Schram's eloquence, his sharp wit, and his expertise for persuading the reader to scrutinize social coverage in the course of the lens of social theory.'' --Lisa Disch, college of Minnesota
''Sanford Schram's After Welfare is an exemplary blend of political thought, cultural critique, utilized coverage research and astute and complete mapping of the modern politics of welfare. it's going to interact a large readership in either academia and the coverage community.'' --Michael J. Shapiro, college of Hawai'i
Do modern welfare rules mirror the realities of the economic system and the wishes of these short of public information, or are they in keeping with superseded and idealized notions of labor and family members lifestyles? Are we're relocating from a ''war on poverty'' to a ''war opposed to the poor?'' during this critique of yankee social welfare coverage, Sanford F. Schram explores the cultural anxieties over the putatively deteriorating ''American paintings ethic,'' and the category, race, sexual and gender biases on the root of present coverage and debates.
Schram is going past examining the present scenario to provide a innovative substitute he calls ''radical incrementalism,'' wherein activists could recreate a social security web adapted to the categorical lifestyles conditions of these in want. His provocative thoughts contain a chain of courses geared toward transcending the present pernicious contrast among ''social insurance'' and ''public assistance'' to be able to larger deal with the desires of unmarried moms with youngsters. Such courses may well contain ''divorce insurance'' or maybe a few kind of ''pregnancy insurance'' for ladies without technique of monetary aid. through pushing for such courses, Schram argues, activists can make nice strides in the direction of attaining social justice, even in modern-day reactionary weather.
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Extra info for After Welfare: The Culture of Postindustrial Social Policy
As a result, welfare operates to punish families that fail to meet these standards and to penalize recipients who fail to behave as contractual persons rather than helping them meet those standards and assume that identity. The social contract explicitly becomes an enforcement device and nothing more. The idea of contract consequently loses much of its sense of reciprocity. The primary goal of contract in welfare is to enforce standards associated with meeting the threshold requirements to demonstrate that one qualifies as a contractual person.
20 In the economic register, welfare reform’s emphasis on personal responsibility is a reference to the idea of less government involvement in the lives of and less support for low-income families. In the therapeutic register, the notion of personal responsibility implies owning up to bad personal habits and disciplining oneself to avoid them. In either case, it becomes less likely that single mothers receiving welfare will be seen as personally responsible. The discourse of personal responsibility fails to account for the fact that existing social relations are structured so as to make it harder for welfare mothers to be seen as achieving “self-sufficiency,” especially when this term is narrowly defined as taking paid employment.
My point is not that the term “personal responsibility” was previously unbiased. I accept that as a term of liberal contractual discourse, “personal responsibility” was always culturally encoded with particular biases. But when placed within the context of contemporary welfare policy in the late 1990s it tends more readily to be culturally encoded in ways that specifically reinforce gender, race, and class biases. 7 This tunnel vision does not bode well for single mothers on welfare. It devalues mothering.
After Welfare: The Culture of Postindustrial Social Policy by Sanford F. Schram