By A. Trevor Thrall, Jane K. Cramer
This edited quantity addresses the difficulty of chance inflation in American international coverage and household politics. The Bush administration's competitive crusade to construct public help for an invasion of Iraq reheated fears in regards to the president's skill to govern the general public, and plenty of charged the management with 'threat inflation', duping the inside track media and deceptive the general public into helping the conflict lower than fake pretences.
Presenting the newest learn, those essays search to respond to the query of why possibility inflation happens and whilst will probably be winning. easily outlined, it's the attempt by means of elites to create hindrance for a risk that is going past the scope and urgency that disinterested research could justify. extra commonly, the method matters how elites view threats, the political makes use of of probability inflation, the politics of probability framing between competing elites, and the way the general public translates and perceives threats through the scoop media.
The warfare with Iraq will get precise realization during this quantity, in addition to the 'War on Terror'. even if many think that the Bush management effectively inflated the Iraq probability, there isn't a neat consensus approximately why this used to be profitable. via either theoretical contributions and case reports, this e-book showcases the 4 significant reasons of hazard inflation -- realism, household politics, psychology, and constructivism -- and makes them confront each other without delay. the result's a richer appreciation of this significant dynamic in US politics and overseas coverage, current and future.
This booklet can be of a lot pursuits to scholars people international and nationwide safeguard coverage, foreign protection, strategic experiences and IR more often than not.
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Extra resources for American Foreign Policy and The Politics of Fear: Threat Inflation since 9/11
It is hard to ask important questions and conduct unbiased analysis when the answers may be unacceptable. Beliefs supporting the established order The third function of beliefs is much broader, consisting of people’s conceptions of the political and social structures that gratify them. In his pioneering study, Lippmann argued that stereotypes form not only because they permit “economy of effort,” but because they “may be the core of our personal tradition, the defenses of our position in society” (1922: 95).
1993) “Symbolic politics: A socio-psychological theory,” in S. Iyengar and W. J. McGuire (eds) Explorations in political psychology, Durham, NC: Duke University Press. Snyder, J. (2003) “Imperial temptations,” The National Interest, Spring: 29–40. Snyder, J. and Ballantine, K. (1996) “Nationalism and the marketplace of ideas,” International Security, 21: 5–40. , Shapiro, R. Y. and Bloch-Elkon, Y. (2009) “Free hand abroad, divide and rule at home,” World Politics, 61. Sunstein, C. R. (2003) “Terrorism and probability neglect,” Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 26: 121–36.
S. government has tended to inflate foreign threats since the dawn of the Cold War, Mueller argues that the military and the “terrorism industry” have strong incentives to keep people afraid of terrorist threats. S. perceptions of the threat of terrorism in the 1990s were in fact accurate, contrary to what most people have argued in the wake of 9/11. Friedman argues that elite threat perception flows not from perceptual biases but primarily from institutional interests. Unless military and government institutions have an incentive to adopt a new threat, he argues, they will be unlikely to seek its inflation in the public mind.
American Foreign Policy and The Politics of Fear: Threat Inflation since 9/11 by A. Trevor Thrall, Jane K. Cramer