By Jeremy Bentham
Based at the assumption that folks search excitement and steer clear of soreness, Bentham's utilitarian standpoint kinds a consultant to ethical decision-making. With the "greatest happiness of the best quantity" as his target, the writer makes an attempt to spot the resources and different types of excitement and discomfort in addition to the ways that they are often measured in assessing ethical concepts. concerns of intentionality, cognizance, explanations, and inclinations aid Bentham's arguments. The textual content concludes along with his survey of objective and the position of legislation and jurisprudence, a desirable workout within the concept of social reform that explores conflicts among the pursuits of the bulk and person freedom.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation
20. Under the head of pecuniary circumstances, I mean to bring to view the proportion which a man’s means bear to his wants: the sum total of his means of every kind, to the sum total of his wants of every kind. A man’s means depend upon three circumstances: 1. His property. 2. The profit of his labour. 3. His connexions in the way of support. His wants seem to depend upon four circumstances. 1. His habits of expense. 2. His connexions in the way of burthen. 3. Any present casual demand he may have.
Antipathetic sensibility. 17. Antipathetic biases 18. Insanity. 19. Habitual occupations. 20. Pecuniary circumstances. 21. Connexions in the way of sympathy. 22. Connexions in the way of antipathy. 23. Radical frame of body. 24. Radical frame of mind. 25. Sex. 26. Age. 27. Rank. 28. Education. 29. Climate. 30. Lineage. 31. Government. 32. Religious profession. VII. 1. Health is the absence of disease, and consequently of all those kinds of pain which are among the symptoms of disease. A man may be said to be in a state of health when he is not conscious of any uneasy sensations, the primary seat of which can be perceived to be anywhere in his body.
5. The pains of an ill name. 6. The pains of piety. 7. The pains of benevolence. 8. The pains of malevolence. 9. The pains of the memory. 10. The pains of the imagination. 11. The pains of ex- 36/Jeremy Bentham pectation. 12. The pains dependent on association. IV. 1. The pleasures of sense seem to be as follows: 1. The pleasures of the taste or palate; including whatever pleasures are experienced in satisfying the appetites of hunger and thirst. 2. The pleasure of intoxication. 3. The pleasures of the organ of smelling.
An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation by Jeremy Bentham